Due to many influential composers living in Italy in the Renaissance period, the standard language of music still today is Italian. Therefore, we have written a compact glossary of music terms. This article should give answers to the most important and common musical markings that appear in our – and generally any – sheet music.
Dynamics (static and changes)
Changes of Dynamics
Moderately slow, “at a walking pace”
At a moderate speed
A new, slower tempo
A new, faster tempo
Expression and Moods
In a singing style (often ‘legato’)
Between ‘staccato’ and ‘legato’ (semi-long).
Detached notes with very short articulation. The opposite of ‘legato’.
We occasionally add chord symbols to our piano sheet music. They are shown right above the upper staff. Their use is optional; with them you can create your own alternative accompaniment. They are also very useful if you play with a band.
The chord root letter only = major chord
The chord root and letter ‘m’ = minor chord
The chord root and number ‘7’ = minor seventh chord
Read more about different kinds of chords in Wikipedia.